What Is The TransAmerica Bicycle Trail?

transamerica bicycle trail

Facts and FAQ about my route

I hatched the idea to ride my bicycle across the country in September 2018, then completed the route in the summer of 2019. I chose the most famous cross-America bicycle route and started planning. Here are some facts about the route, as well as the answers to the most common questions people have about my adventure.

TransAmerica Bicycle Trail by the numbers

  • Distance: 4,223 miles (6,796 kilometers) on paved roads and country highways
  • Total climb: 219,855 feet (67,012 meters)
  • States crossed: 10 (Oregon, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, Kansas, Missouri, Illinois, Kentucky, and Virginia)
  • Major cities en route: None. The idea behind this route is to avoid heavily trafficked urban areas and go deep into rural America. Eugene, OR is the largest city along the route. Other sizable cities are Missoula, MT; Pueblo, CO; and Carbondale, IL
  • National parks en route: Three. Yellowstone National Park, Grand Tetons National Park, and Mammoth Cave National Park
  • Time taken to complete: 75 days (at a standard pace of 65 miles per day)


How I picked the TransAmerica Bicycle Trail

Since I knew I’d be doing this alone, I wanted something classic and well-traveled for a solo first-timer like me.

I’d heard good things about bike touring along the California coastline, but some initial research implied a crowded coastal highway and expensive campsites.

That research led me to the Adventure Cycling Association (ACA), an organization that maps a vast network of bicycle routes. I set my sights on their original route — The TransAmerica Trail.

transamerica bicycle trail maps

The ACA maintains detailed GPX maps of the TransAmerica Bicycle Trail

A little history of the TransAmerica Bicycle Trail

According to the ACA, the TransAmerica Trail was first routed by the organization’s founder in 1973 on a grand personal trip around the Americas. With the Bicentennial coming up, an idea was born: gather thousands of people to cross America by bicycle. Organizers finalized the route maps, and in the summer of 1076, over 4,000 riders made the trip they called Bikecentennial.

The same organizers evolved into what is now the Adventure Cycling Association. They advocate for safe bicycle travel throughout the USA and maintain paper and digital maps of their network of routes. The TransAmerica Trail, called TransAm for short, stands as one of the most popular routes, with hundreds of riders from all over the world riding both eastbound and westbound each summer.

transamerica bicycle route

Highlights to look forward to

  • The Oregon Coast
  • Missoula, MT (and possible side trip to Glacier National Park)
  • Yellowstone and Grand Tetons National Parks
  • All of Colorado
  • The Appalachian Mountains along Blue Ridge Parkway
  • Mammoth Cave National Park
transamerica bicycle trail bickcentennial history

The route was first mapped in 1976 for a huge ride called Bikecentennial. Image source: Wikimedia

How long this took

  • Start date: Sunday, June 16, 2019
  • End date: Sunday, September 01, 2019 

The average time for riders to make this trip is about 90 days. I allowed myself 107 days, not knowing how my pace would be. I wanted to make all the scenic detours and have some leisurely zero-mile days. It’s rural America. No need to rush. In the end, my pace and speed was higher than expected, and I completed the route in 75 days.


Where it starts and ends

  • Starting point: Astoria, OR. I took a road trip from Denver, CO to Astoria, OR with my sister, nephew, and bicycle in early June.
  • Ending point: Yorktown, VA. I returned to Denver by Amtrak train via Washington, D.C. and Chicago. I boxed my bike in Williamsburg, VA to be able to transport it as checked baggage on the train.

Where I stayed each night

Bike touring is beautiful in its simplicity and spontaneity. You pack your bike with light camping gear and other basics, you choose a general route and vague timeline, and that’s about all the planning you can do in advance.

I actually had no idea where I’ll rest my head each night. I played it by ear. There’s a lovely piece in National Geographic about the wide variety of accommodations on a bike tour, both free and paid. Here are the top options:

  • Camping at formal campsites
  • Camping at dispersed sites on public lands (free)
  • Camping at amenable city parks and churches (free)
  • Occasional hotels, hostels, and Airbnbs
  • Hospitality from Warmshowers hosts (free)
transamerica bicycle trail lodging

Welcome to my summer home.

What I ate each day

Like the lodging situation, details worked themselves out along the way. I only had a vague idea of how I’d be replacing the 5,000+ calories I’d be burning each day on my bike. My diet became an opportunistic mix of diners, convenience stores, local fast food joints, ice cream, grocery store stops, trail snacks, and lots of pie.

The cost of dining out can add up quickly, so my goal was a ratio of at least two self-cooked meals for every restaurant meal. Thing is, I’m no expert at camp cooking. I don’t get very creative about what can be concocted over a tiny backpacking burner with limited fuel, ingredients, and cookware. By the second half of the ride, I was hardly using my camp stove at all, relying almost entirely on readymade food from grocery stores, convenience stores and restaurants. 

How I paid for it

The unspoken question about this adventure is how I’m paying for it. No, I’m not being subsidized by any family fortune, legal settlement, or Kickstarter campaign. Yes, I quit my full-time job to do this for at least four months. I’m also quitting all the gigs and side hustles I accumulated over the past year.

It really came down to a lot of extra work, hardcore savings (over 30% last year!), and the frugality that seems to be baked into my genes. I rented out my house to break even on my fixed costs in Denver. I have a firm weekly travel budget. But I don’t have it all figured out, otherwise this would be a personal finance blog instead of a travel blog. Employment status now that I’ve returned home: uncertain.

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  • Reply
    April 30, 2019 at 3:34 am

    Instead of flying back, you can always train it back! I look forward to following your adventure!

  • Reply
    May 19, 2019 at 2:41 pm

    Can’t wait to follow your adventure. This is a really helpful blog so far. Well done you. I’m hoping to do the same trip next year and super keen to see how yours goes. Thanks in advance.

    • Reply
      May 20, 2019 at 4:18 pm

      Glad you found me here, Katy. Reach out directly next year if you have any specific questions =)

      • Reply
        February 5, 2020 at 7:38 pm

        Sorry for the delay on this. Have popped an email your way. Congrats again on the completion!

      • Reply
        Patrick Myers
        June 30, 2020 at 4:00 am

        My 18 year old daughter and her best friend are doing this next month! COVID-19 has derailed their college plans so they are doing this instead. Can she reach out to you?

  • Reply
    Rick T
    June 19, 2019 at 9:05 pm

    I, too, shall be following your progress and write ups. I would like to do this ride as well ever since watching the movie “Inspired to Ride”.
    Haven’t done any bike packing or touring before but I have done long rides.

    • Reply
      June 19, 2019 at 11:02 pm

      I loved that film! Watched it with my dad to get an idea of the route.

  • Reply
    Dave Rager
    August 27, 2019 at 2:04 am

    You must be a very strong and tough rider. Sounds like a lot of fun, kind of? I linked up with you on strava today

  • Reply
    Your guide to biking across the US - TravelAdvicor
    November 1, 2019 at 7:25 pm

    […] to opt for an established route that has been mapped and traveled for decades. I chose the classic TransAmerica Route, which is one of the most popular ways to cross the US on bicycle. According to the Adventure […]

    • Reply
      Bill Caulway
      November 7, 2019 at 7:18 pm

      Found your site via your YouTube post. Very nicely done. I will be doing that route in 2021. Next year I plan on a few 5 day (ACA routes) trips in New England where i’m from.

      Thanks for sharing and I look forward to see more of your adventures.

  • Reply
    December 3, 2019 at 6:42 pm

    Really nice job on the video! Congratulations on the accomplishment. I’m sure there are many others to come.

  • Reply
    January 13, 2020 at 9:47 am

    Nice. I am planing a TransAmerica ride in 2024. This has inspired me to do it solo.

  • Reply
    Stu Crombie
    February 17, 2020 at 12:54 pm

    Well done. Blogs like yours have inspired me to do the reverse Vancouver – New Orleans – New York but your speed seems faster than what I do which is about 50 miles a day and dropping 5 miles a day a decade.

    Learning about the USA in preparation for the TransAmerica has been interesting.
    First, by Australian standards the USA has hardly any warm weather but when it comes it is stunningly humid. Until I checked the weather in the Rockies and Great Plains I thought cowboys in movies wore coats for dramatic effect, not because it is actually cold most of the time.
    Second everything in the USA wants to kill you from the bears (brown, black, Kodiak, grizzley), mountain lions (who would have thought cougars could be dangerous) and gun-toting locals, or run you down (elk, moose, ute drivers).
    Third, from experience, USA beer is very good but the IPAs are lethally strong.

    Your casual attitude to it is the best thing. Keep on spinning.

  • Reply
    April 10, 2020 at 4:29 am

    This is an amazing video! Very inspiring. I am thinking about doing it. Not sure if I want to go solo or find a group of friends. Did you get lonely or do you feel like that made it more worthwhile?

  • Reply
    Bailey Marquardt
    April 23, 2020 at 10:36 pm

    How did you navigate the chosen path enroute? If it was a phone did you use an app or pdf maps?

  • Reply
    April 26, 2020 at 8:24 pm

    Do you have a detailed account of every day ?
    For instance, where you started from, to where you ended and stayed ?
    This would be great help for others to have an idea for their ride.

  • Reply
    Al Galletly
    May 19, 2020 at 1:02 pm

    WOW! Congratulations on completing this amazing adventure. I did two x-countries (1993 and 1999), both were southern tiers, but not exactly the same as the ACA route … either time … what the heck, you need to branch out once in a while, right? In any event, to do this solo as you did is truly wonderful. Will look forward to your book. You WILL be writing a book, won’t you? Cheers and continued safe journeys.

  • Reply
    May 19, 2020 at 9:13 pm

    Your website is very nice. I like to read your story’s. Especially because we were riding the TransAm from east to west in the same year! It gives us a lot of good memory’s. I feel very sorry we didn’t met you. I hope you make some more beautiful rides and write about it to inspire other people. Save travels!

  • Reply
    Zoltan Karpati
    July 23, 2020 at 4:04 pm

    Congrats! Looks like you had such an adventure.
    I am planning on doing TransAm starting in a month from Boston,MA to the West Coast.
    Is there anyone who would join in?:)

  • Reply
    David Stupke
    December 23, 2021 at 4:53 am

    Congratulations. I am one of the “old farts” who rode the whole original 1976 Trans Am Route, with a group of 13 others in a self contained ride. I added 600 miles of solo riding to get from Upstate NY to Williamsburg, VA, and 600 more solo miles at the end from Reedsport, OR to San Francisco. Back then I could camp, as a biker, for 50 cents per night at the California State Parks on the route. You will have great memories of this trip “forever”. Our group was lucky to get to stay at what was called “budget cabins” at Old Faithful in Yellowstone. I do not know what bikers can find now days for places to stay in Yellowstone and Grand Teton.

  • Reply
    Kate Conway
    July 2, 2022 at 1:07 am

    Hi~ I’m an older, 63, woman thinking about riding ‘cross country. maybe next summer. Did you feel safe? I have lots of experience riding distance and limited overnight rides, but enough to know I like it. My husband would meet me at various points, but overall I would be riding alone. Also, quite a Luddite and wondering about your use, and ease, with GPS systems.
    Thanks so much for your feedback~

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